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Blog de David Stephensen -- março 2008 Arquivo (6)

Professor? Euzinho?? How to use the right word for teacher

Native English speakers are sometimes uncomfortable with the word 'professor'. Why? Here is some vocabulary that will explain. (There may be some differences in North America)

A teacher works in a school, or teaches something that requires creativity like art or music, or that you study for a lifetime, for example, yoga.

A lecturer works in a university

A professor is the academic with the highest position in a university department. This is… Continuar

Adicionado por David Stephensen em 31 março 2008 às 17:30 — 4 Comentários

Uma regrinha sobre FOR e TO

Do you worry about whether to use FOR or TO? Here is a little rule that might help.

If something is going to TRAVEL, then use TO.

If something is to BENEFIT someone, use FOR.

For example:

He wanted to write a letter TO his mother. He broke his arm, so I wrote the letter FOR him.

Next week is Amanda's birthday. I bought a present FOR her today. When I see her at her party, I'll give it TO her.

Sometimes FOR and TO are both… Continuar

Adicionado por David Stephensen em 29 março 2008 às 0:30 — 5 Comentários

PUT -- a phrasal verb that needn't frazzle you

I think phrasal verbs must be one of the biggest challenges in English because they are so irregular. Portuguese may be complicated, but it is about 100 times more regular than English. I am happy to be learning Portuguese instead of English!

Let's look at PUT. We'll put it through its paces! ( = make it work so that we can observe it)

to frazzle = to overwhelm a person so that they become nervous or confused. "I was trying to cook dinner while everyone was… Continuar

Adicionado por David Stephensen em 20 março 2008 às 8:30 — 1 Comentário


WHICH, THAT, WHO, WHOM at the start of a clause.

Even native speakers are confused about this.


THAT helps to identify the thing we are talking about. If we omit the THAT clause, it destroys the meaning of the sentence.

Examples with THAT:

They captured the dog THAT we found chasing the chickens. (Which dog? The one that was chasing the chickens)

The beach THAT I like best was very crowded, so we went to… Continuar

Adicionado por David Stephensen em 15 março 2008 às 0:30 — 1 Comentário

Some crime words

Crimes and crime words:

Some of these may only be Australian. US native speakers are welcome to comment.

The words

Robbery = A robber takes something from you and you know they are taking it because you are there and they are threatening you. If a robber stops you in the street he is holding you up. It is a hold-up. If a robber has a weapon (I guess they usually do) it is called armed… Continuar

Adicionado por David Stephensen em 11 março 2008 às 9:00 — Sem Comments


Many native English speakers get this wrong, so you can be one step ahead of them!


To LIE (deitar-se)

This is an intransitive verb. It never has a object.

I (you we they) LIE today

He (she) LIES today

Right now they are LYING

Yesterday everybody LAY

Since yesterday everybody has LAIN

We often use the word 'down' with 'to lie'. I was tired, so I lay down.


To LAY… Continuar

Adicionado por David Stephensen em 8 março 2008 às 18:30 — 4 Comentários

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